Zero-knowledge (ZK) proof options have proved important in serving to scale the Ethereum ecosystem, however proto-danksharding is anticipated to drastically scale back the price of rollups, based on Consensys’ zkEVM Linea head Nicolas Liochon.
Talking completely to Cointelegraph Journal editor Andrew Fenton throughout Korea Blockchain Week, Liochon estimated that proto-danksharding may additional scale back rollup prices by 10 instances.
Proto-danksharding, additionally identified by its Ethereum Enchancment Proposal (EIP) identifier EIP-4844, is aimed toward decreasing the price of rollups, which generally batch transactions and information off-chain and submit computational proof to the Ethereum blockchain.
The Ethereum Basis has but to nail down an anticipated launch date for proto-danksharding, however growth and testing are nonetheless ongoing.
As Liochon defined, Linea delivers 15 instances cheaper transactions in comparison with these made on Ethereum’s layer 1, however rollups are nonetheless restricted by the truth that transactions are posted in name information in Ethereum blocks.
In accordance with Ethereum’s documentation, rollups are nonetheless costly when it comes to their potential as a result of name information is processed by all Ethereum nodes and the information is saved on-chain indefinitely even though the information solely must be accessible for a brief time frame.
EIP-4844 will introduce information blocks that may be despatched and hooked up to blocks. The information saved in blocks shouldn’t be accessible to the Ethereum Digital Machine and might be deleted after a sure time interval, which is touted to drastically scale back transaction prices.
“In actuality, the price of rollups is all the way down to information availability. We’re writing all the information to layer 1, which is why we’ve precisely the identical safety. However it’s costly; it represents 95% of the fee.”
Liochon stated that Linea’s prover, which basically handles the off-chain computation that verifies, bundles, after which creates a cryptographic proof of the mixed transactions, solely represents a fifth of the fee.
This highlights the key hurdle in making ZK-rollups the go-to scaling resolution for the Ethereum ecosystem versus different options like Optimistic Rollups.
Liochon additionally stated that Linea goals to be a general-purpose ZK-rollup that might be used for a wide range of decentralized purposes and options throughout the Ethereum ecosystem.
“We’re a generic rollup. We don’t wish to have a particular use case or particular area. It’s fairly essential to help all varieties of purposes, together with DeFi, gaming and social.”