The vast majority of 4,653 lively Ethereum nodes are within the fingers of centralized internet suppliers like Amazon Internet Providers (AWS), which might “expose Ethereum to central factors of failure,” in accordance with crypto analytics platform Messari.
A Monday submit shows that three main cloud suppliers account for 69% of hosted nodes on the Ethereum Mainnet, with over 50% of that coming from Amazon Internet Providers (AWS), over 15% from Hetzner and 4.1% from OVH.
Figures from Ethernodes moreover show that Oracle (4.1%), Alibaba (3.9%) and Google (3.5%) additionally present website hosting providers on Ethereum.
Whereas the distribution of cloud service suppliers turns into extra decentralized among the many backside third of suppliers, Messari pressed the priority in a December 2020 report that the high-cost nature of node infrastructure could depart Ethereum weak:
“Excessive prices to run infrastructure make it extra seemingly that nodes would run infrastructure with cloud computing suppliers (i.e AWS) – making Ethereum extra uncovered to central factors of failure.”
Node distribution points skilled by Solana are a lot the identical, with Hetzner taking on 42% of hosted nodes on the Solana community, adopted by OVH (26%) and AWS (3%).
Moreover, Ethernode knowledge additionally reveals that nodes are most geographically concentrated in america (46.4%) and Germany (13.4%), accounting for almost 60% of distributed Ethereum nodes worldwide. As such, authorities intervention from certainly one of these two nations might severely influence Ethereum’s decentralization on the node degree.